Long-lasting insecticide-treated net use and malaria infections on the Kenyan coast

Kamau A, Musau M, Mtanje G, Mataza C, Bejon P, Snow RW
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2022;116

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BACKGROUND: A study was conducted to examine the impact of long-lasting insecticide-treated net (LLIN) use on the prevalence of malaria infections across all ages, 25 y after a trial of insecticide-treated nets was conducted in the same area along the Kenyan coast. METHODS: The study comprised four community-based infection surveys and a simultaneous 12-month surveillance at six government outpatient health facilities (March 2018-February 2019). Logistic regression was used to examine the effect of LLIN use on malaria infections across all ages. RESULTS: There was a high level of reported LLIN use by the community (72%), notably among children <5 y of age (84%). Across all ages, the adjusted odds ratio of LLIN use against asymptomatic parasitaemia in community surveys was 0.45 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36 to 0.57; p<0.001) and against fevers associated with infection presenting to health facilities was 0.63 (95% CI 0.58 to 0.68; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There was significant protection of LLIN use against malaria infections across all ages.