Validity of the SNAP-IV For ADHD Assessment in South African Children With Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Zieff MR, Hoogenhout M, Eastman E, Christ BU, Galvin A, de Menil V, Abubakar A, Newton CR, Robinson E, Donald KA
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022;

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This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham ADHD Rating Scale (SNAP-IV) in a sample of South African children with neurodevelopmental disorders (n = 201), primarily Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis to inspect the two-factor structure of the SNAP-IV. We also calculated ordinal coefficient alpha to estimate internal consistency. Fit statistics for the two-factor model approached acceptable levels. The model fit improved slightly after removing an item related to spoken language. The subscales had acceptable internal consistencies. Findings partially support the use of the SNAP-IV in this group of children. However, there are limitations to its performance in this population likely related to the presence of neurodevelopmental disorders.