Population-Based Estimate of Melioidosis, Kenya

Muthumbi EM, Gordon NC, Mochamah G, Nyongesa S, Odipo E, Mwarumba S, Mturi N, Etyang AO, Dance DAB, Scott JAG, Morpeth SC
Emerg Infect Dis. 2019;25

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Melioidosis is thought to be endemic, although underdiagnosed, in Africa. We identified 5 autochthonous cases of Burkholderia pseudomallei infection in a case series in Kenya. Incidence of B. pseudomallei bacteremia in Kenya's Kilifi County is low, at 1.5 cases per million person-years, but this result might be an underestimate.