Neurocognitive and mental health outcomes and association with quality of life among adults living with HIV: a cross-sectional focus on a low-literacy population from coastal Kenya

Nyongesa MK, Mwangala PN, Mwangi P, Kombe M, Newton CRJC, Abubakar AA
BMJ Open. 2018;8

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OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to compare the neurocognitive performance and mental health outcome of adults living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy with that of community controls, all of low literacy. Furthermore, we also wanted to explore the relationship of these outcomes with quality of life among adults living with HIV. STUDY DESIGN: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: The study was conducted in Kilifi County, a region located at the Kenyan coast. PARTICIPANTS: The participants consisted of a consecutive sample of 84 adults living with HIV and 83 randomly selected community controls all with